Highland Lakes

Country Club and Community Association

List of Native Plants

1.     Highland Lakes Native Plants for Woodland and Woodland Edge Herbaceous Plants

Botanical Name…………………… Common Name

Actaea alba................. Dolls eyes
Allium cernuum.............. Nodding onion
Allium tricoccum............ Wild leek (Ramp)
Aquilegia Canadensis........ Columbine
Arisaema triphyllum......... Jack-in-the-pulpit
Asarum Canadensis........... Wild ginger
Aster divaricatus........... White wood aster
Aster cordifolius........... Heart-leaved aster
Dicentra cucullaria......... Dutchman's-breeches
Erythronium americanum...... Yellow trout lily
Geranium maculatum.......... Wild geranium
Maianthemum canadense....... Canada mayflower
Mertensia virginica......... Virginia bluebells
Mitchella repens............ Partridgeberry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia. Virginia creeper
Podophyllum peltatum........ Mayapple
Polygonatum biflorum........ Solomon's seal
Sanguinaria Canadensis...... Bloodroot
Smilacina racemosaFalse .... Solomon's seal
Solidago caesia..............Blue-stem goldenrod
Trillium spp................ Trillium
Viola sp.................... Violets
*Spring ephemeral - foliage dies back in the summer

                             Fern and Fern allies

Botanical Name…………………… Common Name

Asplenium platyneuron........Ebony spleenwort
Athyrium filix-femina....... Lady fern
Dennstaedtia punctilobula....Hay-scented fern
Dryopteris marginalis........Marginal wood fern
Onoclea sensibilis.......... Sensitive fern
Osmunda cinnamomea...........Cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytonia........... Interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis............. Royal fern
Polystichum acrostichoides.. Christmas fern
Pteridium aquilinum......... Bracken fern
Thelypteris noveboracensis.. New York fern

2.     Highland Lakes Native Plants for Meadows (Beds and Borders)

                                Herbaceous Plants

Botanical Name……………………. Common Name

Asclepias syriaca.............Common milkweed
Eupatorium purpureum......... Joe Pye weed
Monarda fistulosum........... Wild bergamot
Oenothera biennis............ Common evening primrose
Rosa Carolina................ Pasture rose
Rudbeckia hirta.............. Black-eyed susan
Solidago Canadensis.......... Tall goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis......... Zig-zag goldenrod
Verbena hastate.............. Blue vervain
Vernonia noveboracensis...... New York ironweed

                        Highland Lakes Native Trees

Botanical Name……………………. Common Name

Acer rubrum................. Red maple
Acer saccharum.............. Sugar maple
Carya ovata................. Shagbark hickory
Fagus grandifolia........... American beech
Juniperis virginiana........ Easter red cedar
Liriodendron tulipifera..... Tuliptree
Pinus strobes............... White pine
Platanus occidentalis....... American sycamore
Quercus alba................ White oak
Quercus prinus.............. Chestnut oak
Quercus rubra............... Red oak
Tsuga Canadensis............ Eastern hemlock

3.     Highland Lakes Native Plants for Wet Soil Conditions*

                             Herbaceous Plants

Botanical Name………………….. Common Name

Anemonella thalictroides.... Rue anemone
Asclepias incarnate......... Swamp milkweed
Aster novae-angliae......... New England aster
Caltha palustris............ Marsh marigold
Chelone glabra.............. Turtlehead
Irisversicolor.............. Blue flag
Lilium canadense............ Canada lily
Lobelia siphilitica......... Great blue lobelia
Lobelia cardinalis.......... Cardinal flower
Matteuccia struthiopteris... Ostrich fern
Mertensia virginica......... Virginia bluebells
Onoclea sensibilis.......... Sensitive fern
Osmunda regalis............. Royal fern
Rosa palustris.............. Swamp rose
Symplocarpus foetidus....... Skunk cabbage
Typha latifolia............. Cattail

                           Trees and Shrubs

Botanical Name…………………… Common Name

Acer rubrum................. Red maple
Aronia arbutifolia.......... Red chokeberry
Betula nigra................ River birch
Betula populifolia.......... Gray birch
Cephalanthus occidentalis... Buttonbush
Clethra alnifolia........... Sweet pepperbush
Cornus sericea.............. Red-osier dogwood
Cornus racemosa............. Swamp dogwood
Ilex verticillata........... Winterberry
Lindera benzoin ............ Spicebush
Sambucus Canadensis......... American elder

*Many of these will also do well in normal garden conditions

Native Plants Web Resources

Native Plant Society of New Jersey

www.npsnj.org

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

www.wildflower.org

Bowmans Hill(PA) Wildflower Preserve

www.bhwp.org

New England Wild Flower Society

www.newfs.org

Wild Ones (Native Landscapers organization)

www.for-wild.org

 

 

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